Have you ever heard of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch? It is no mountain or pile, in fact it is an area created when all the trash left on the beach at high tide gets sucked in and spit out in this area. This patch is off the coast of San Francisco Bay leading into the Pacific Ocean. This is not just some little area of trash, it is in fact one of the largest areas of trash in the ocean! This patch takes up about two times the size of Texas. And there are about 1800 million pieces of trash added to the pile each year! Yes it is true that eventually all the plastic breaks and trash breaks down, but then It turns into something called microplastics. Microplastics are little pieces of plastic that are the remains of the trash that has already broken down. These microplastics are so small that they are invisible to the naked to the eye. Therefore we cannot see them without a microscope. After that, they get stuck in other fish’s food along with turtles, seals, whales and many other sea animals. Therefore they will die because their stomachs can not break down these miniature pieces of plastic.
This article is important to me because I love sea animals and I always worry that they will become endangered. They are a very important part of our ecosystems and world. and this is not the only patch there is, there are SO many more all around the world. And this is something that has been going on for years, but the newest parts are the worst are more recent than others. Hopefully marine biologists can fix this problem so it does not continue. And that is why I think that this article is important.
By Issie 4T